Adherencia al tratamiento en asma. Situación actual

Carlos Melero Moreno, Néstor Rodríguez Meleán, Rocío Díaz Campos


El término adherencia según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) es el grado en que el comportamiento de una persona — tomar el medicamento, seguir una dieta o ejecutar cambios de estilo de vida — se corresponde con las recomendaciones acordadas con un técnico de asistencia sanitaria. La pobre adhesión terapéutica representa un problema de salud pública ya que se comunica que tan solo el 50% de los pacientes con enfermedades crónicas tienen un adecuado cumplimiento, cifras que se incrementan cuando se analizan enfermedades respiratorias que precisan de un tratamiento inhalado, como el asma o la Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (EPOC), lo que repercute sobre la calidad de vida e incrementa el gasto sanitario. De los hechos expuestos se desprende la necesidad de disponer en la práctica clínica habitual de instrumentos para reconocer, cuantificar y seguir la evolución en el tiempo de la adherencia en cada paciente, con el objetivo de establecer las intervenciones oportunas en cada paciente.

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